The Group comprises companies with diverse business profiles, placed along the supply chain. They work with more than twenty thousand suppliers.
The diversified business structure (including geographical location, different business profiles) requires a diverse supply chain. The PGNiG Group cooperates mostly with suppliers from Poland (93.6% of the total), as well as from the European Union (2.0%), Africa (1.7%), and also from Qatar, Norway, Pakistan, Russia, the United States and the United Arab Emirates.
On the gas market, the PGNiG Group companies are present along the entire supply chain, including production, distribution and sales, both direct and through the Polish Power Exchange. PGNiG engages in exploration for and production of natural gas and crude oil from fields in Poland, Norway and Pakistan (where the output is immediately sold on the local market). In 2019, PGNiG commenced oil and gas exploration in UAE. The Group purchases gas from countries east of Poland through the Yamal pipeline and via the LNG terminal from Qatar, the United States and Norway. In the distribution segment, it relies on the transmission infrastructure owned by Gaz System and uses the PGNiG Group companies’ own resources, including in particular the infrastructure of PSG, with connections to end customers, and Gas Trading (distribution of liquefied gas) as well as gas storage facilities (GSP and PGNiG). Gas is sold in Poland on the Polish Power Exchange, directly to wholesale customers, and by PGNiG OD to retail customers. It is exported to Ukraine as well, and sold by PST to end customers in Germany.
PGNiG produces crude oil from combined gas and oil deposits. Oil is sold directly to partners and licence co-operators.
The PGNiG Termika Group is an electricity and heat producer. Electricity is produced from natural gas and hard coal. Heat is sold for distribution to Veolia and end users.
The PGNiG Group also provides auxiliary services for its core business areas, including geophysical services supporting exploration for conventional and unconventional oil and gas, onshore drilling services, specialist construction, design and broadly defined maintenance and financial services.